Types of Painting Styles in India

Sand Painting:

In sand painting, the works done are not permanent. Videos capture the temporary works done very quickly with hand stroke only on a fixed surface. The type of painting is very recent among the others in which controlling speed is needed to give importance. Sand painting requires a lot of patience and can be taxing to do.

Miniature Painting:

Miniature painting mainly focuses on the painting engraved on sculptures done simply in smaller sizes. It is one of the traditional paintings that can be easily held in hand.

Collage Painting:

This is an assembled creative artwork having visual effect. Collage work can be done with pieces of coloured or handmade papers, ribbons, applying paints, magazines, etc. the themes are varied and mostly is a cheap mode of art.

Kalamkari Painting:

Kalamkari means, Kalam – pen &kari – work, i.e., an artwork done using a simple pen. Vegetable dyes from them are extracted to colour the designs applied on cloth. This type of painting style using organic dyes on cloth was popular in several parts of India, but this style of Kalamkari flourished at Kalahasti, in India. The whole process of designing involves 17 steps.

Warli Painting:

Warli painting is a type of painting style that is tribal art. It is created by the Adivasis from the North Sahyadri range in India. This painting is done on an austre mud base, using only colour, usually white with occasional dots in red and yellow. The white colour is obtained from grinding rice to the white powder.

Pahad Painting:

Pahad painting or also known as the Phad is a type of painting style that is folk inspired and is mainly practiced in Rajasthan. It is done on a long piece of cloth or a canvas that is known as a phad. The folk deities of Rajasthan, such as the Pabuji and Devnarayan are depicted on this canvas. They are also used as mobile temples of the folk deities.

Madhubani Painting:

Madhubani art or also known as Mithila art is practiced in the Mithila region of India and Nepal. This type of painting is done using the fingers, brushes or even twigs of the trees. They use natural dyes for the colour and sometimes even matchsticks are used to draw. There are also ritual content for occasions like marriage, birth or festivals. Madhubani painting was originally created by the women.

Gond Paintings:

The Gond painting belongs to the Gond, an indigenous community in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is a form of folk and tribal art that is practiced by this largest tribe in India. Their everyday quests are brilliantly depicted in their art, that has been happening for 1400 years. The Pradhan Gonds are renowned for their artistic skill. They have used painting as a medium to record their history.

Patachitra Paintings:

Patachitra Paintings

This kind of painting style is a cloth-based painting style, from the eastern Indian state of Odisha. Their paintings are based on mythology, and inspired by the Gods Jagannath and Vaishanava sect. The colours used are natural. These paintings depict the stories of Hindu deities and are a popular type of painting.

Picchwai Painting:

These paintings originated in Deccan, India, and with the villages of Aurangabad and Nathdwara in the state of Rajasthan. They are big sized paintings and usually done on cotton cloth, with the help of natural colours. They are high in demand, especially the foreigners. The painters of this painting are usually skilled and take high effort in getting them right. These paintings are now the major export of the Nathdwara.

Mughal Paintings:

Mughal paintings are a very particular style of South Asian painting that emerged from Persian miniature. It has high doses of influence from the Hindu, Jain and Buddhism, and mainly developed in the court of the Mughal empire in the 16th and 18th centuries. The painting started as a blend of Persian and Indian ideas. The paintings gained popularity quickly, and the animals and plants in them were realistically depicted.

Cave Paintings:

The cave paintings are also known as the ‘parietal art’. They can be usually seen on cave walls, ceilings of prehistoric origin and dates back to 40,000 years ago in Eurasia. The cave paintings are not often clear and what seems clear is they have tried to convey some information. Due to their antiquity, much of their paintings cannot be deciphered properly.

About author

Anton Ferreira is a veteran journalist who has spent the last 20 years working with newspapers, magazines and websites covering marketing, business, technology, financial services and a variety of other topics.
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